This is one of the tools of preventative dentistry which is done in the period after eruption of permanent teeth.
Caries most often occurs on the chewing surfaces of teeth (in the pits and fissures) so it is necessary to protect this surface of the teeth. Fissure sealing involves coating the chewing surfaces of teeth (usually the first permanent molars, but the other lateral teeth as well) with a special sealant. This sealant releases fluoride and has a preventive effect on caries. A tooth, whose fissures are sealed, is not completely resistant to decay, but it is necessary to monitor and replace the sealant after a certain time.
Local application of fluoride
This is another tool of preventative dentistry.
It involves coating the tooth with gels, varnishes and solutions containing fluoride. It can de done by a dentist or the patients themselves (using a mouthwash or toothpaste containing fluoride). The application of gels with a high concentration of fluoride is performed under clinical conditions annually in a series of four applications. Before the teeth need to be cleaned from plaque and calculus. Thanks to this process fluoride from the agents which contain it in a high concentration is built in the tooth enamel and increases resistance of teeth to the effects of dental bacteria that cause tooth decay.
Cleaning the teeth of plaque and calculus (tartar)
In the oral cavity microorganisms inhabit a few hours after birth, and the dentition enables the development of a complex ecosystem of microorganisms, and the health of the oral cavity depends on the maintenance of the environment in which these organisms live without damage to oral structures.
Dental plaque is formed on the tooth surfaces for several hours after brushing. It is a hard, sticky mess made of microorganisms (bacteria). It cannot be removed by rinsing and washing, but can be removed by brushing. It is the cause of many dental problems (dental caries, gingivitis, periodontitis).
Calculus (tartar) is calcified (mineralized) dental plaque. It is generated by the minerals from the saliva building into the already deposited dental plaque.
Dental plaque and calculus affect the periodontium (supporting structures of teeth, gums) and cause a disease called periodontitis. Periodontal disease leads to gum recession, resorption (decrease) bone, and as a result to the loosening and subsequent loss of teeth.
If they were to prevent this, we recommend doing the professional cleaning of teeth every six months. With proper oral hygiene and our control and help, you can prevent many diseases of the teeth and soft tissues of the mouth and keep a beautiful smile.